EjSBS - The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences

The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences

Online ISSN: 2301-2218
European Publisher

Author Instructions and Guidelines

Inquiries related to journal policies, and special issues should be made to the Editor-in-Chief:

Lacey N. Wallace, Associate Professor 
Penn State Altoona: Altoona, PA, US


As the initial step, author/s are strongly advised to read the Aims & Scope to ensure that the manuscript is aligned to the journal’s area of interest and coverage.

Once this has been confirmed, manuscripts should be submitted in English through ScholarOne Manuscripts (S1M): https://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/ejsbs

Manuscripts submitted via email will not be entertained. 
You can find the template here. Manuscripts submitted without the accurately completed Title Page will be rejected with an offer to resubmit with the required completed documents.


The main objective of the EJSBS is to provide a platform for international scholars to showcase and disseminate work in their area of expertise within the scope of social and behavioural sciences. The EJSBS aims to become the journal of choice in reporting cutting edge interdisciplinary studies in social and behavioural sciences that can significantly contribute to the betterment of society based on sound internationally acknowledged scientific research.

The scope of the journal includes, but is not limited to:

  • Psychology
  • Political Sciences and Public Policy
  • Sociology
  • Population Studies
  • Education
  • Religious studies
  • Literacy Studies
  • Public Health
  • Leadership and Management Studies
  • Legal studies
  • Media and Communication Studies
  • Historical and Civilizational studies

and other fields of study with a focus on social and behavioural outcomes.

Manuscripts are accepted based on alignment to the journal’s scope of coverage, novel contributions to the field, and robustness of the investigative process presented in a clear, concise and well-organized format. Manuscripts that do not align to the stated scope will either be rejected outight or returned to the author/s with an offer to resubmit depending on the extent of misaligment.


Article Categories

EJSBS accepts Original Research, Empirical Review, Short report or Letter, and Special Issue.

Article Type


Word Limit

Original Research

an original article which includes quantitative, qualitative, or mixed method empirical research.

A maximum length of 6000 words, including the abstract, figures, tables, reference list and supplemental material where applicable) which may be extended to 8000 words to inorporate the reviewers’& editors’ comments.

Empirical Review

a paper that reviews with empirical evidence research that has been conducted in a particular area.


 A maximum length of 6000 words, including the abstract, figures, tables, reference list and supplemental material where applicable, which may be extended to 8000 words to  inorporate the reviewers’ comments.

Short report/Letter to the Editor

A response to a published article or an opinion on a topic of interest to the readership of the journal.

A maximum length of 2000 words, including the abstract, figures, tables, reference list.

Book Review

A book analysis focussing on the content and merit. 

A maximum length of 2,000 words which includes the title, abstract, tables, figures, and references list. This may only be submitted upon invitation.

Special Issue Special Issues devoted to important topics or topics of current international interest in social and behavioural sciences.  Papers presented at conferences or symposiums may be accepted for publication based on the conference editor/s’ approval

*Acceptance of articles exceeding the stated word limit comes under the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief.


Manuscript Elements

As the EJSBS uses double-blind peer review; authors should ensure to submit their manuscripts anonymously. All author details should be provided in the Title Page.

To learn about preparing your manuscript for double-blind review, please check the link below:


The manuscripts should be submitted as separate files:

  • title page,

  • main text file;

  • figures (if any), and

  • supplemental materials (if any)

Author/s need to prepare their body text file in accordance with the full text template provided. Papers that have not been formatted according to the full text template requirements in terms of the text font, font size, spacing, margins, figure formats, citation and references format will be returned for revision.

Title Page

The title page should contain the elements in the following order:

  • Title of the paper

  • The full name of each author; (first name, middle initial(s), and last name) in that order;

  • The affiliation of each author;

  • Author notes

  • Conflict of Interest statement;

  • Acknowledgments


Authors can refer to the journal’s Authorship policy in the Code of Ethics and Editorial Policies section.

Conflict of Interest Statement
The full paper submission should be accompanied with the Conflict of Interest disclaimer (including null statements) on the paper’s Title Page. For more details, please see the Conflict of Interest section.

Any financial, material support or contributions from other individuals should be mentioned in the paper’s Acknowledgments section. Authors also should mention their funding sources in the Acknowledgments section. For more information, please check the
 CrossRef’s Open Funder Registry.

Main Text File

Author/s need to prepare their main text file in accordance with the EJSBS template.The main text file includes the title, abstract, and key words; the main part of the paper; references; tables (if any), appendices (if any).

Figures and supplemental materials should be supplied separately.

Title preferably should not exceed 12 words.

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper in a minimum of 150 words to a maximum of 200 words. The abstract should be presented as a single paragraph and briefly summarize the goals, methods, and outstanding results of the study in the case of an original paper submission. The abstract should not contain reference citations.


Please provide three to five keywords, seperated with comma.

Main Text
EJSBS only accept submission in English. Those author/s who are non-native speakers of English and/or whose English language proficiency is not of international standard are advised to consult native speaker/suitably proficient colleagues or an editing service for assistance to proofread/edit the paper before submission.

Main text must be written double-spaced in 10 points Times New Roman. Tables should be embedded to the text. Figures should be uploaded through submission system as separate files.

All tables should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition (2020).

  • Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals according to their appearance in the text

  • Each table should be cited within the article text (e.g., see Table 1)

  • Avoid excessive formatting, such as the use of colour and shading

  • Use superscript letters to represent table footnotes. (a, b, c)

  • Use “Note: SD: Standard deviation, Note: Significant at the 0.01 level.” to define the abbreviations or general notes used in the table


Figures preferably should be supplied in the highest resolution possible. Figures in colour (online) are free of charge.

  • Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals according to their appearance in the text

  • Each figure should be cited within the article text (e.g., see Figure 1)

  • Parts of figure should be represented with lowercase letters (a), (b), (c)


Figure & Line Art Formats

  • Figures preferably should be supplied electronically in either TIFF or EPS format

  • Image resolution preferably should be 300 dpi

  • Line art resolution preferably should be 600 dpi

Permission to use tables, figures, photos and other images taken from other sources is solely the responsibility of the authors.

  • Tables and figures are limited to a combined total of 10. Tables and figures must be numbered, an explanatory title must be added, and each table and figure must be mentioned at least once in the main text. Figures should be supplied in a suitable size for printing, and tables should be inserted using the ‘Insert Table’ function provided by the software.
  • It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission from the copyright owner to reproduce figures and tables that have been published elsewhere. Tables and figures without such evidence are assumed to originate from the author.


In-text Citations and References

References should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition (2020). The following are important to note:

  • All references should be cited both in text and in the reference list.

  • In text citations and reference list entries should be agreed both in spelling and in date.

  • With the exception of seminal studies, the literature cited should be current, with the majority of works (2/3) having been published no more than 5 years from the date of submission of the manuscript. Original research papers and reviews should have a minimum of 15 references while the references for other types of submissions may vary according to need.

  • References shouldn’t be numbered.

  • DOI should be provided for all references where available


Examples are provided below but for a more detailed coverage of the APA referencing style, please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition (2020)

Entire Book

Author, A. A. (Date Published). Title of work. Publisher name. https://doi.org/xxxxx or https://xxxxx

McNamara, P. (2019). The Neuroscience of Sleep and Dreams. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316817094

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (McNamara, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: McNamara (2019)


Foreign Language Book

Author, A. A. (Date Published). Work title in native language [Translation in brackets]. Publisher name.

Sokolov, A. K. (2001). NEP v kontekste istoricheskogo razvitiya Rossii XX veka Redkol [New Economic Policy during the Historical Development of Russia in the Twentieth Centuries]. In-t ros. Istorii.

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (Sokolov, 2001)
  • Narrative citation: Sokolov (2001)


Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A. (Date Published). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. #-#). Publisher name.

De Visser, R. (2019). Gender and Health. In C. Llewellyn, S. Ayers, C. McManus, S. Newman, K. Petrie, T. Revenson, et al. (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine (pp. 20-23). Cambridge University Press.

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (De Visser, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: De Visser (2019)


Journal Article

Author, A. A., & Author B. B. (Date Published). Article title. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp. https://doi.org/xxxxx or https://xxxxx

Bogel, P. M., & Upham, P. (2018). Role of psychology in sociotechnical transitions studies: Review in relation to consumption and technology acceptance. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 28, 122-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eist.2018.01.002

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (Bogel & Upham, 2018)
  • Narrative citation: Bogel and Upham (2018)


Foreign Language Journal Article

Author, A. A., & Author B. B. (Date Published). Work title in native language [Translation in brackets]. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.

Kalenda, J., & Kočvarová, I. (2017). Proměny bariér ke vzdělávání dospělých v České republice: 2005-2015 [Transformation of Barriers towards Adult Education in the Czech Republic]. Studia Paedagogica, 22(3), 69–89. https://doi.org/10.5817/SP2017-3-5

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (Kalenda & Kočvarová, 2017)
  • Narrative citation: Kalenda and Kočvarová (2017)



Author, A. A., & Author B. B. (Year, Month Day). Newspaper Article Title. Website name. https://xxxxx

Giles, G., & Szalay, E. (2020, August 31). Global economy unlikely to benefit from falling dollar. Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/83c16626-f617-4bb3-872e-fd6723a36c11

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (Giles & Szalay, 2020)
  • Narrative citation: Giles and Szalay (2020)


Supplementary Files

Supplementary materials may be submitted together with the manuscript. The supplementary material will not be published as part of the PDF of the manuscript but will be available together with the published manuscript as a separate file. Authors must take note that supplementary materials will not be copy-edited or proofread during the revision process. Authors are responsible for ensuring the language accuracy of these materials. As the supplementary files are also peer reviewed, authors need to ensure that their identity is not disclosed in any form in these materials.
Supplemental materials must be submitted as separate files during the submission process.


Appendices are to be placed after the references. All appendices should be mentioned in the main text where relevant; however, these should be supplied as separate files during submission process.



The EJSBS abides by the regulations and guidelines for editors stipulated in the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, 2019).
 Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors

The EJSBS acknowledges the importance of and conducts all processes with integrity including the maintenance of scholarly records in accordance with our policy on corrections, addendums, retractions and other updates which are aligned to COPE guidelines. COPE Retraction Guidelines can be found here:



Plagiarism and Duplicate Publication

Global, mosaic and verbatim plagiarism are viewed as copying of words, ideas, models, images and/or data from other works, without giving due credit to the original author/s. As such, the EJSBS Editors view all forms of plagiarism/duplicate publication as serious threats to the integrity of the research process. EJSBS uses iThenticate software powered by CrossCheck to detect all forms of plagiarism/duplicate texts in submitted manuscripts.


Peer Review and Acceptance

The EJSBS uses double-blind review; both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. The paper is first checked by the Managing Editor to ensure that the paper abides by the journal’s submisson requirements. If the paper is found to be unsuitable at this stage, it is returned to the corresponding author to be corrected and resubmitted. If the paper is found to be suitable at this stage, the Managing Editor passes it to the Editor-in-Chief. Papers that meet the appropriate originality, quality and relevance requirements are sent to one of the associate editors by the Editor-in-Chief to initiate the peer review process. The Associate Editor will then invite reviewers with suitable expertise to review the paper. In cases of a mixed response from the reviewers, the Editor-in-Chief, whose decision is final, will arbitrate.

The EJSBS’s peer review policy is available here.

Conflict of Interest

The EJSBS policy on conflicts of interest covers the understanding that author/s are not unduly pressured to manipulate their research to please external agents such as, but not limited to funders, institutional pressures, political pressures, socio-cultural trends and/or religious convictions. Personal bias and prejudice should also not interfere with the fair and transparent process of academic research. Examples of personal bias include manipulating sample sizes by ethnicity to produce data that shows a certain ethnic group exhibits certain negative traits while another ethnic group (which the author belongs to) exhibits certain positive traits and then concluding that this ethnic group is “better” than the other ethnic group. Other examples of conflict of interest include manipulating data to appease political masters, funders, institution management, and other agencies with a direct or indirect influence on the author/s.

Author/s are encouraged to disclose all potential conflicts of interest as part of their adherence to the EJSBS’s policy on ethical research. The journal Editors are cognizant of the fact that research data and findings can have profound repercussions on society, the environment and human life. The journal’s role in sharing and disseminating research is premised on the foundation that academic integrity is at the heart of ethical academic pursuits and as such, the EJSBS values and supports author/s’ integrity in conducting and reporting research that is underpinned by the Code of Ethics of the journal. If there is no conflict of interest, a statement should be made to that effect after the Acknowledgment section and on the manuscript’s Title Page.


Authors should responsible to declare their funding sources in the Acknowledgments section. For more information, please check the CrossRef’s Open Funder Registry.

Authorship and Responsibilities

By submitting a manuscript to the EJSBS, all persons included as authors agree that they have reviewed and approved the manuscript prior to submission, and that they accept responsibility for the information contained in the submission. Authorship credit should be based on:

  • Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;

  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and

  • Final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3 as stated to be included as authors. Individuals who were not principal researchers or writers should not be listed as authors but should be acknowledged instead for their ancillary role in the acknowledgment section of the paper.

In multicentre studies, the authors should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship as defined above and these individuals will need to complete a Conflict of Interest disclosure forms. The individual authors’ contributions to the paper must be explained in detail in the title page which must be submitted together with the paper. The names of all authors must be placed under the title of the paper. By submitting original research, the author/s agree that the original research data are available for review upon a formal request from the Editor.

The EJSBS Editors accept author/s affiliated institutions’ templates as valid documents for participants’ informed consent. The templates should cover, as far as possible, all aspects of protocols for ethical research and publication. It is the responsibility of the author/s to ensure that their affiliated institutions’ documents’ coverage of protocols for ethical research and publication are comprehensive enough to prevent any possibility of subsequent claims of unethical behaviour/unfulfilled promises of payment for participation in the research by any participant once the paper has been published. The Editors will not accept any responsibility for participants’ claims once the paper has been published. Any complaints of this nature will be forwarded to the corresponding author to deal with.

The EJSBS’s peer review policy is available here.

Decision Appeals

Author/s can appeal the decision by writing to the Managing Editor and providing responses to each of the reviewers’/Editor’s comments. The Managing Editor will then refer the manuscript and the appeal to another Associate Editor and reviewer to decide whether to accept the paper for publication, submit it for another round of review or to reject the paper. The decision to reject the paper at this stage is final and no further appeal will be entertained.


European Publisher encourages all authors to register for an ORCID and associate it to their manuscript. With an ORCID, authors can be assured that all their publications are correctly attributed to them and facilitates tracking by funders, institutions and other researchers.

If you haven’t registered for an ORCID iD yet, Register for your unique ORCID identifier. It only takes a minute to complete your details to obtain your ORCID. Find more information here.



Once the manuscripts have been accepted by the editors as ready for publication, the production team will ascertain the technical aspects of the publication process in terms of formatting abide by the journal’s standards. In this process, production team assign DOIs as part of our publication process.


Once the paper has been readied for publication, the authors will be provided a link via email to access the proof. Authors should check the proof for any mistakes such as typesetting errors, incorrect numbering of tables, figures and so on. Authors should also ensure all listed references are also mentioned in the text of the paper and viceversa. Proofs must be reverted within 48 hours of receipt of the email. Failure to return the proofs within the stipulated time frame may result in a delay in publication.


After proof has been done by the authors, editors need to review the corrections and finalize the article for final publication. Once the corrections confirmed by the editors, article will be published with permanent DOI.


After acceptance of the manuscript, authors should fill and sign the
EJSBS’s Copyright Agreement.

EP publish all articles under Creative Commons Licenses and use either CC BY or CC BY-NC-ND licenses.

For detailed information please read Licensing.

Open Access fees

In order to maintain sustainable and transparent scholarly open access publishing, authors are required to pay a one-time Manuscript Processing Charge (APC) upon editorial acceptance of the manuscript. For more information please see the
EJSBS’s APCs page.



Access and Sharing

When your article is published online we will notify you via email and provide you a the link which can be shared through social media. European Publisher encourage all authors promote and disseminate their research through all channels.


Promotional materials for your research are devised and disseminated through numerous channels like our website’s news section and social media platforms.


***Author Guidelines updated 26th of April 2020