EjSBS - The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences

The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences

Online ISSN: 2301-2218
European Publisher

Reassurance Supportive Therapy for Reducing Depression in Paraplegic Patients Due to Bantul Earthquake


Background Bantul earthquake caused about 350 people got spinal cord injury that made their lower body paralysis. Because of that, they became a person that not function as used to. Depression symptons appears then due to their condition. Aims This study aimed to determine the role of reassurance supportive therapy to lower levels of depression in patients with paraplegia Bantul earthquake survivors. Depression can be seen from the symptoms that shown during the research include the manifestation of emotional, cognitive, motivational, physiological and vegetative. Method ABAB single subject design applied to experiment. First, few survivors with paraplegia selected by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Then, interviews were conducted to six survivor, two of them participated as the study participants. The main phase of research conducted over four weeks. The data obtained during the study period ie self-monitoring records, recording the process of providing reassurance and supportive therapy daily reflection records. Self-monitoring data were analyzed using visual inspection. Data recording process reassurance therapy and daily reflection notes were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological approach by Cresswell. Results Conclusions The results showed that reassurance supportive therapy may decrease levels of depression with varied patterns between one to another symptoms. This variation also occurred among participants with one another. Qualitative research results indicate reassurance supportive therapy can change the consciousness of participants in self understanding, and affect they attitude to face the problems. All participants in this study were women. Problems are often experienced conflict with husband. Reassurance supportive therapy help participants understand the source of the problems that happened. Moreover, they are aware of their potential that they have at this time so as to reduce dependence on others. This study does not free from influence of external factors, so that the dynamics change of the environment that occur and influences the participant should get special attention.

Keywords: Reassurance supportive therapydepressionparaplegiaBantul earthquake survivor

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About this article

Published online: 30.04.2014
Pages: 200-207
Publisher: Cognitive-crcs
In: Volume 9, Issue 2
DOI: 10.15405/ejsbs.125
Online ISSN: 2301-2218
Article Type: Original Research
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